Tuesday, September 22, 2020

Body Corporate And Community Management Act 1997

Dictionary | Schedule 6

1980 Act see section 326.

1980 Act plan see section 326.

adjudication application means an application, other than a conciliation application, made under chapter 6 for the resolution of a dispute.

adjudicator means a person appointed—

(a)under section 236 as a department adjudicator; or

(b)under chapter 6part 8, as a specialist adjudicator.

adjustment order

(a)for chapter 8part 9division 4, see section 378; and

(b)for chapter 8part 10division 3, see section 400.

affected person, for an application, means a person, other than a party to the application, who would be directly and materially affected by the outcome sought by the application.

Examples—

1For an application by the owner of a lot in a community titles scheme against the body corporate about a body corporate decision relating to a service contract, the service contractor could be an affected person.

2For an application by the owner of a lot in a community titles scheme against the body corporate about proposed body corporate expenditure of a significant nature, other lot owners are likely to be affected persons.

3For an application by the owner of a lot in a community titles scheme against the body corporate seeking waiver of a penalty for late payment of a contribution, other lot owners are unlikely to be affected persons.

aggrieved person

(a)for chapter 6part 11, see section 289(1)(c); or

(b)for chapter 7part 1, see section 303.

agreed allocation see section 171(1)(b)(ii).

amended chapter 5, for chapter 8part 8, see section 368.

amending Act

(a)for chapter 8part 6, see section 357; and

(b)for chapter 8part 10 and schedule 5A, see section 397.

annual general meeting, for the body corporate for a community titles scheme, means a general meeting by that name held under the regulation module applying to the scheme.

appeal entity

(a)for chapter 8part 9division 3, see section 376(4); and

(b)for chapter 8part 10 and schedule 5A, see section 397.

appeal tribunal means the appeal tribunal under the QCAT Act.

application

(a)for chapter 6, means—

(i)generally, an adjudication application or a conciliation application; and

(ii)for part 4, division 2, subdivision 2, see section 242B; or

(b)for chapter 7part 1, see section 303.

appropriately qualified, for the delegation of a power to a person, includes having the qualifications, experience or standing appropriate to exercise the power.

Example of standing—

a person’s classification level in the public service

approved form see section 320.

approved reinstatement process means a process for reinstating a building approved under section 72 or 74.

assistance dog see the Guide, Hearing and Assistance Dogs Act 2009schedule 4.

associate of a person means someone else with whom the person is associated under section 309.

auditor, for an audit for a community titles scheme—

(a)means a person who—

(i)is a registered company auditor; or

(ii)has the qualifications and experience in accountancy approved under the regulation module applying to the community titles scheme; and

(b)includes an unincorporated body of auditors.

authorised allocation see section 171(1)(b)(i).

base allocation period see section 174.

basic scheme see section 10.

basic utility service means any of the following utility services—

(a)water reticulation or supply;

(b)gas reticulation or supply;

(c)electricity;

(d)telephone;

(e)computer data or television;

(f)a sewer system;

(g)drainage.

body corporate means a body corporate created under this Act for a community titles scheme.

body corporate assets see section 11.

body corporate contract, for a community titles scheme, see section 342.

body corporate information certificate see section 205(4).

body corporate lessee see section 40.

body corporate manager see section 14.

building includes a fixed structure.

building format see the Land Title Act, schedule 2.

building format lot see the Land Title Act, schedule 2.

by-laws see section 168.

cadastral surveyor, for chapter 5part 2, see section 211A.

caretaking service contractor, for a community titles scheme, means a service contractor for the scheme who is also—

(a)a letting agent for the scheme; or

(b)an associate of the letting agent.

changed entitlements, for chapter 8part 9division 4, see section 378.

code contravention notice, see section 139(1).

code of conduct means—

(a)for a committee voting member—the code in schedule 1A; or

(b)for a body corporate manager or caretaking service contractor—the code in schedule 2; or

(c)for a letting agent—the code in schedule 3.

commencement

(a)for chapter 8part 1, see section 326; or

(b)for chapter 8part 8, see section 368; or

(c)for chapter 8part 9, see section 374; or

(d)for chapter 8part 10 and schedule 5A, see section 397; or

(e)for chapter 8part 11, see section 427.

commissioner means the commissioner for body corporate and community management.

committee, for a body corporate, means a committee established under this Act for the body corporate.

committee voting member see section 101B(1).

common property see section 10.

community management statement see section 12.

community management statement notation see section 60.

community titles scheme see section 10.

complex dispute means—

(a)a matter for which an application mentioned in section 47AA(3)(a), 47B(3)(a), 48(1)(a), 385(8)(a), 387(6)(a), 405(2)(a) or 412(2)(a) is, or may be, made; or

(b)a dispute mentioned in section 133149A149B or 178.

conciliation application means an application made under chapter 6part 4 for the resolution of a dispute by department conciliation.

consent order, for an application made under chapter 6, means an order made with the consent of each party to the application.

constructing authority see the Acquisition of Land Act 1967section 2.

continuing contravention notice means a continuing contravention notice under section 182 or 183C.

contract, for chapter 3part 2division 4, means the contract or other arrangement under which a person is engaged as a service contractor, or authorised as a letting agent, for a community titles scheme.

contractor, for a contract, for chapter 3part 2division 4 means a person who, under the contract, is engaged as a service contractor, or authorised as a letting agent.

contractual matter, about an engagement or authorisation of a body corporate manager, service contractor or letting agent, means—

(a)a contravention of the terms of the engagement or authorisation; or

(b)the termination of the engagement or authorisation; or

(c)the exercise of rights or powers under the terms of the engagement or authorisation; or

(d)the performance of duties under the terms of the engagement or authorisation.

contravention notice means a continuing contravention notice or a future contravention notice.

contribution schedule see section 46.

contribution schedule lot entitlement see section 46.

contribution schedule principle means a principle under section 46 applicable to deciding the contribution schedule lot entitlements for the lots included in a community titles scheme.

damage, to property, includes destruction of the property.

debt dispute see section 229A(7).

decided entitlements see section 400.

deciding principle, for lot entitlements, means the principle on which the lot entitlements were decided, whether or not the principle is or has been identified as an applicable principle for deciding the lot entitlements under this Act as in force from time to time.

decision, for chapter 7part 1, see section 303.

department adjudication means adjudication of a dispute under chapter 6 by a department adjudicator.

department adjudicator means a person holding appointment as a department adjudicator under section 236(1) or (3)(b).

department conciliation means conciliation of a dispute under chapter 6 by a department conciliator.

department conciliation session includes action taken for making arrangements for a department conciliation session or in the follow-up of the session.

department conciliator means a person holding appointment as a department conciliator under section 236(1) or (3)(b).

deposit see the Land Title Act, schedule 2.

developer, for a community titles scheme intended to be developed progressively, means the original owner or other person responsible for developing the scheme.

development includes—

(a)the enlargement, erection, refurbishment or rebuilding of, or the making of structural alterations to, a building; or

(b)the carrying out of work in, on, over or under land or water; or

(c)the use of land or water or of a building, or work on, over or under land or water; or

(d)the subdivision or amalgamation of land.

development approval means—

(a)a development approval under the Planning Act; or

(b)a PDA development approval under the Economic Development Act 2012.

disclosure statement, for chapter 5, see section 205A.

dispute

(a)generally, includes complaint; and

(b)for chapter 6, see section 227.

dispute resolution centre see the Dispute Resolution Centres Act 1990section 2.

dispute resolution officer means a department conciliator, specialist mediator, specialist conciliator or an adjudicator, appointed under the dispute resolution provisions.

dispute resolution process means—

(a)department conciliation; or

(b)dispute resolution centre mediation; or

(c)specialist mediation; or

(d)specialist conciliation; or

(e)department adjudication; or

(f)specialist adjudication.

dispute resolution provisions means the provisions of chapter 6.

dispute resolution service means the service provided for in chapter 6 for resolving disputes.

division 4 dispute see section 397.

division 4 dispute decision see section 397.

enforceable money order see the Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999section 793.

equality principle, in relation to contribution schedule lot entitlements, see section 46A(1).

exclusive use by-law see section 170.

executive member, of the committee for a body corporate for a community titles scheme, means the chairperson, secretary or treasurer of the body corporate.

exempted provisions, for a body corporate contract for a community titles scheme, see section 342.

existing 1980 Act plan see section 326.

existing scheme

(a)for chapter 8part 9division 4, see section 378; and

(b)for chapter 8part 10division 3, see section 400.

existing service contract means a service contract—

(a)entered into on or after 13 July 1997 and before the commencement of section 130; and

(b)to which, under section 344, the exempted provisions for a body corporate contract for a community titles scheme do not apply.

existing statement, for a community titles scheme, means the community management statement recorded for the scheme.

extended allocation period see section 174.

financed contract means a contract for which there is a financier.

financial year, of the body corporate for a community titles scheme (other than a community titles scheme established for an existing 1980 Act plan under the transitional provisions), means—

(a)the period from the establishment of the scheme until the end of the month immediately before the month when the first anniversary of the establishment of the scheme falls, and each successive period of 1 year from the end of the first financial year; or

(b)if an adjudicator changes the financial year of the body corporate—the period fixed by the adjudicator as the financial year and each successive period of 1 year from the end of the period.

financier, for chapter 3part 2division 4, see section 123.

formal acquisition, affecting a community titles scheme, means an acquisition, including an acquisition by agreement, that—

(a)is made of a lot included in, or common property for, the scheme; and

(b)is made under the Acquisition of Land Act 1967 by a constructing authority for a purpose set out in the schedule to that Act.

former, for chapter 8part 10 and schedule 5A, see section 397.

future 1980 Act plan see section 326.

future contravention notice means a future contravention notice under section 183 or 183D.

general meeting, for the body corporate for a community titles scheme, means a meeting of that type held under the regulation module applying to the scheme.

given, to the commissioner, in relation to an application or submission mentioned in chapter 6, means the application or submission is actually received by the commissioner.

guide dog see the Guide, Hearing and Assistance Dogs Act 2009schedule 4.

hearing dog see the Guide, Hearing and Assistance Dogs Act 2009schedule 4.

improvement includes—

(a)the erection of a building; and

(b)a structural change; and

(c)a non-structural change, including, for example, the installation of air conditioning.

Note—

Change includes addition—see the Acts Interpretation Act 1954schedule 1, definition change.

included in see section 18.

incomplete adjustment matter see section 397.

indefeasible title see the Land Title Act, schedule 2.

insurer, of a building, means a person who has given a policy of insurance for insuring the building against loss or damage.

interest schedule see section 46.

interest schedule lot entitlement see section 46.

internal dispute resolution means the resolution of a dispute by the parties to the dispute using informal processes or the community titles scheme’s body corporate processes.

Examples—

by the parties communicating with each other

by writing to the committee for the body corporate

by presenting a motion for consideration at a general meeting of the body corporate

Land Title Act means the Land Title Act 1994.

last adjustment order see section 400.

last adjustment order entitlements see section 400.

law practice, for chapter 5part 2, see section 211A.

layered arrangement, for chapter 2part 11, see section 89.

layered arrangement of community titles schemes see section 18.

lease-back scheme see section 17.

lease-back scheme operator see section 17.

lessee common property see section 41.

letting agent see section 16.

letting agent business see section 16.

lodge see the Land Title Act, schedule 2.

lot means—

(a)a lot under the Land Title Act, but if the lot is included in a community titles scheme other than a basic scheme, the lot could be another community titles scheme; or

(b)for chapter 5part 3, see section 220.

lot entitlement see section 46.

lot entitlement schedule, in a community management statement, means—

(a)the contribution schedule in the statement; or

(b)the interest schedule in the statement.

lot owner agreement see section 111E.

made, to the commissioner, in relation to an application or submission mentioned in chapter 6, means the application or submission is actually received by the commissioner.

majority resolution means a resolution under section 107.

management rights, of a letting agent for a community titles scheme, means—

(a)the letting agent business for the scheme, including the letting agent authorisation; and

(b)the business conducted by the letting agent under a service contract for the scheme, including the service contract; and

(c)the letting agent’s interest in a lot used for conducting a business mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b); and

(d)any right of the letting agent to use and occupy a part of the common property for a business mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b).

market value principle, in relation to interest schedule lot entitlements, see section 46B(1).

material change

1material change, for a community titles scheme, is a change that has, or may have, a significant effect on the contribution schedule lot entitlements for the lots included in the scheme, including, for example—

(a)the addition of 1 or more lots, other than by a subdivision not involving the addition of a subsidiary scheme; or

(b)the removal of 1 or more lots, other than by an amalgamation.

2However, if a community titles scheme is intended to be developed progressively, a change arising from development proposed in the community management statement for the scheme is not a material change for the scheme.

mediator means a person appointed as a specialist mediator under the dispute resolution provisions.

MEDQ means MEDQ under the Economic Development Act 2012.

mortgage includes a charge on a lot, or an interest in a lot, for securing money or money’s worth.

mortgagee in possession, of a lot included in a community titles scheme, means a mortgagee who has taken steps to enforce a mortgage of the lot and has notified the body corporate of the intention to enforce the mortgage (whether or not the mortgagee has actually gone into possession of the lot), but does not include a mortgagee who has notified the body corporate of a decision not to proceed with enforcement of the mortgage.

new scheme, for chapter 8part 1, see section 326.

notification day see section 342.

obstruct includes hinder, resist and attempt to obstruct.

occupier, of a lot included in a community titles scheme—

(a)means—

(i)a resident owner or resident lessee of the lot, or someone else who lives on the lot; or

(ii)a person who occupies the lot for business purposes or works on the lot in carrying on a business from the lot; and

(b)for chapter 3part 4, see section 164; and

(c)for chapter 6, see section 226.

order, for an application under chapter 6 for the resolution of a dispute, includes—

(a)an order dismissing the application; and

(b)for chapter 6part 11, see section 288A.

ordinary resolution means—

(a)if no poll is requested—a resolution under section 108; or

(b)if a poll is requested—a resolution under section 110.

original owner

(a)generally, see section 13; and

(b)for chapter 8part 1division 6, see section 342.

original owner control period means the period in which—

(a)the body corporate is constituted solely by the original owner; or

(b)the original owner owns, or has an interest in, the majority of lots in the scheme or, in any other way, controls the voting of the body corporate.

owner, of a lot (other than a lot that is a community titles scheme) included in a community titles scheme, means—

(a)the person who is, or is entitled to be, the registered owner of the lot, and includes—

(i)a mortgagee in possession of the lot; and

(ii)if, under the Land Title Act, 2 or more persons are the registered owners, or are entitled to be the registered owners, of the lot—each of the persons; and

(b)for chapter 6, see section 226.

party, to an application, means the applicant or the respondent to the application.

PDA by-law means a by-law made by MEDQ under the Economic Development Act 2012.

Planning Act means the Planning Act 2016.

plan of subdivision see the Land Title Act, schedule 2.

power, for sections 119 to 121 and 353, includes doing an act or making a decision for the purpose of performing a function.

pre-adjustment order entitlements

(a)for chapter 8part 9division 4, see section 378; and

(b)for chapter 8part 10 and schedule 5A, see section 397.

pre-amended provisions, for chapter 8part 8, see section 368.

pre-amendment contract, for chapter 8part 8, see section 368.

pre-amendment non-residential contract, for chapter 8part 8, see section 368.

pre-amendment residential contract, for chapter 8part 8, see section 368.

pre-commencement adjustment action see section 376(1).

prescribed trust account, for chapter 5part 2, see section 211A.

president means the president under the QCAT Act.

principal registrar means the principal registrar under the QCAT Act.

principal scheme see section 18.

priority development area means a priority development area under the Economic Development Act 2012.

proportionate, in relation to the contribution schedule or interest schedule lot entitlement of a lot included in a scheme, means the proportion the lot entitlement of the lot bears to the total contribution schedule lot entitlements, or total interest schedule lot entitlements, of all lots included in the scheme.

proposed lot, for chapter 5part 2, see section 211A.

public trustee, for chapter 5part 2, see section 211A.

QCAT information notice, for a decision, means a notice complying with the QCAT Act, section 157(2) for the decision.

real estate agent, for chapter 5part 2, see section 211A.

reallocation agreement means an agreement in writing under which 2 or more owners of lots for which allocations are in place under an exclusive use by-law agree to redistribute the allocations between the lots.

reasonably believes means believes on grounds that are reasonable in all the circumstances.

reasonably considers means considers on grounds that are reasonable in all the circumstances.

recognised entity, for chapter 5part 2, see section 211A.

recorded, for a community management statement, means recorded by the registrar under the Land Title Act.

records, for a body corporate, means the rolls, registers and other documents kept by the body corporate under this Act (including under the regulation module applying to the scheme).

registered company auditor means a person registered as an auditor, or taken to be registered as an auditor, under the Corporations Act, part 9.2.

registered mortgagee, of a lot included in a community titles scheme, means a person who is a registered proprietor of the lot as a mortgagee.

registered owner see the Land Title Act, schedule 2.

registered proprietor see the Land Title Act, schedule 2.

registered valuer means a valuer registered under the Valuers Registration Act 1992.

registrable lease means a lease capable of registration under the Land Title Act.

registrar means the registrar of titles.

regulation module see section 21.

related dispute, to a debt dispute, see section 229A(6).

relativity principle, in relation to contribution schedule lot entitlements, see section 46A(2) and (3).

relevant decision

(a)for chapter 8part 9division 4, see section 378; or

(b)for chapter 8part 10division 3, see section 400.

relevant person, for an application, means a person mentioned in section 227(1) as a party to the dispute the subject of the application.

residential property

(a)for chapter 5, see section 205A; or

(b)for chapter 8part 8, see section 368.

resolution without dissent means a resolution under section 105.

respondent, to an application, means—

(a)for an application for an order mentioned in section 47B(3)(a), 48(1)(a), 385(8)(a) or 387(6)(a)—

(i)the body corporate for the community titles scheme to which the application relates; and

(ii)each owner of a lot who is joined as a respondent to the application under section 47B(5)(a), 48(3)(a) or 388(3)(a); or

(b)for another application—the person against whom the application is made.

reviewable terms, for a service contract—

(a)for chapter 3part 2division 7, see section 131; or

(b)for chapter 3part 2division 8, means the terms of the contract that provide for—

(i)the functions and powers of the letting agent as a service contractor; or

(ii)the remuneration payable to the letting agent as a service contractor.

review advice, about a service contract, for chapter 3part 2division 8, means written advice about whether the contract’s reviewable terms—

(a)are currently fair and reasonable; and

(b)if the reviewable terms are not currently fair and reasonable—how the reviewable terms should be changed to ensure they are fair and reasonable.

review criteria, for chapter 3part 2division 7, means the criteria stated in section 134.

reviewing party see section 130.

review motion see section 147(1)(b).

review period means—

(a)for a service contract entered into after the commencement of section 130 (the commencement) for a term of not longer than 3 years—the first of the following periods to end—

(i)the period of the term;

(ii)the period ending immediately before the contract is first extended or varied; or

(b)for a service contract entered into after the commencement that is for a term longer than 3 years—the later of the following periods to end—

(i)3 years after the start of the term;

(ii)1 year after the annual general meeting next held after the original owner control period ends; or

(c)for an existing service contract that is for a term ending after the commencement—the first of the following periods to end—

(i)the period ending 31 December 2004;

(ii)the period ending immediately before the service contract is first extended or varied after the commencement.

scheme A, for a layered arrangement, see section 91(1).

scheme B, for a layered arrangement, see section 91(1).

scheme C, for a layered arrangement, see section 91(1) and (2).

scheme land see section 10.

service contract means a contract entered into with a person for the engagement of the person as a service contractor for a community titles scheme.

service contractor see section 15.

service easement, for a community titles scheme, means a statutory easement for—

(a)supplying basic utility services to lots included in, and common property for, the scheme; or

(b)establishing and maintaining utility infrastructure for supplying the services.

services location diagram means a diagram, complying with the registrar’s directions about its required format, showing the location of service easements for a community titles scheme.

small scheme means a community titles scheme to which all of the following apply—

(a)the scheme is a basic scheme;

(b)there is no letting agent for the scheme;

(c)there are no more than 6 lots included in the scheme;

(d)the Body Corporate and Community Management (Small Schemes Module) Regulation 2008.

specialist adjudication means adjudication of a dispute under chapter 6 by a specialist adjudicator.

specialist adjudicator means a person to whom an application is referred under section 267.

specialist conciliation means conciliation of a dispute under chapter 6 by a specialist conciliator.

specialist conciliator means a person to whom an application is referred under section 258 for specialist conciliation.

specialist mediation means mediation of a dispute under chapter 6 by a specialist mediator.

specialist mediator means a person to whom an application is referred under section 258 for specialist mediation.

special resolution means a resolution under section 106.

specified Act see section 326.

specified two-lot scheme see section 111C.

specified two-lot schemes module means a regulation module under this Act that may apply to only specified two-lot schemes within the meaning of section 111C(1) or (2).

standard format see the Land Title Act, schedule 2.

standard format lot see the Land Title Act, schedule 2.

statutory easement means an easement provided for in the Land Title Act, part 6A, division 5.

subsidiary scheme see section 18.

termination issues means—

(a)the disposal, and disposition of proceeds from the disposal, of the land that, immediately before the termination of a community titles scheme, is scheme land; and

(b)custody, management and distribution (including the disposal, and disposition of proceeds from the disposal) of items of property that, immediately before the termination of a community titles scheme, are body corporate assets; and

(c)the sharing of liabilities that, immediately before the termination of a community titles scheme, are liabilities of the body corporate.

term limitation provision see section 342.

transfer notice, for chapter 3part 2division 8, see section 140(b).

transitional provisions means the provisions of chapter 8part 1.

utility infrastructure means—

(a)cables, wires, pipes, sewers, drains, ducts, plant and equipment by which lots or common property are supplied with utility services; and

(b)a device for measuring the reticulation or supply of a utility service.

utility service means—

(a)water reticulation or supply; or

(b)gas reticulation or supply; or

(c)electricity supply; or

(d)air conditioning; or

(e)a telephone service; or

(f)a computer data or television service; or

(g)a sewer system; or

(h)drainage; or

(i)a system for the removal or disposal of garbage or waste; or

(j)another system or service designed to improve the amenity, or enhance the enjoyment, of lots or common property.

utility service provider means the supplier of a utility service to scheme land.

volumetric format see the Land Title Act, schedule 2.

volumetric format lot see the Land Title Act, schedule 2.

wall includes a door, window or other structure forming part of the wall.

writing, for exercising or confirming a vote, includes an electronic communication.

© Sourced from the Queensland Legislation website at 1 April 2020. For the latest information on Queensland Government legislation please go to https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au.

Disclaimer: Reproduced from the Body Corporate and Community Management Act 1997. This website does not give legal advice or other professional advice. You should seek legal or other professional advice before acting and not rely on any of the content on this website.

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